Who doesn’t know that Silicon is at the seventh position when it comes to abundance of elements in this universe. On planet Earth, silicon has made it to the second position in terms of ubiquity, followed by oxygen, as 25% of it makes the earth’s crust.
According to a new report published by Allied Market Research, titled, Silicon Fertilizers Market by Type, Form and Application: Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2016 – 2025 the global silicon fertilizers market was valued at $87.43 million in 2016, and is projected to reach $125.84 million by 2025, registering a CAGR of 4.1% from 2017 to 2025. In 2016, the field crops application segment accounted for more than 50% share of the global silicon fertilizers market in terms of value.
Silicon is a very useful element that is used by man in variety of ways such as to make machine tools, dynamo, engine blocks, computer chips, microelectronics etc. It is present in abundance in the earth’s soil and is a vital element for plants as well as animals. The form in which silicon is available in the environment cannot possibly be taken up by the plants, this is the reason silicon fertilizers are used. Plants can only absorb silicon as monosilicic acid and silicon fertilizers make this possible.
Silicon in plants enhances their annual yield and also accelerates their growth which means a stronger and a thicker stem and shorter internodes. A favorable exposure of leaves to light is also promoted by silicon. Silicon in plants releases some abiotic stress such as heavy metal toxicity, salinity and temperature. Some amount of resistance against fungal diseases and bacterial can also be seen after the plant takes up silicon. The plant takes up silicon through the roots in the form of silicic acid and is sent to the active growing points of that plant where silicon in the cell wall forms a complex with an organic compound to make it much stronger.
Silicon has so many advantages, which is why silicon is used as a plant fertilizer in a solid or liquid form at the time of plantation or during the growing season. The element boosts plant’s resistance to many plant diseases such as septoria, powdery mildew, and eye-spot and also many insect pests. If there is deficient irrigation or drought condition, Silicon has positive effect on the biomass yield. Plants treated with silicon, maintained higher stomatal conductivity, relative water content and water potential. It makes leaves larger and thicker, thus preventing the loss of water through transpiration and reduces water burning up. Silicon allows much better root resistance in dry soil and lets it grow at a faster rate.
Silicon fertilizers are not very commonly used by farmers but since it is a natural element all farmers can use it along with other microbiological fertilizers. There are diverse silicon fertilizers that are available in the market and are accessible to the local farmer, the most common products of silicon are potassium silicate, silicate, calcium magnesium silicate, calcium silicate.
Silicon can promote photosynthesis, as well as mechanical strength in plants. It also facilitates resistance to insufficient sunshine or shading and helps reduce PH to increase adsorption of essential minerals from the soil.
We advise that more and more farmers use silicon fertilizers for a good yield.