Diabetes, a chronic disease, is often referred by doctors as ‘Diabetes Mellitus’. In this disease the person suffering has high blood glucose or sugar levels. This is because insulin production in the individual’s body is inadequate or it can also be because the cells in the body do not respond properly to insulin. In some cases both these could be the cause of diabetes. Diabetes is a long term condition that is generally hereditary. Eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly and checking your blood sugar level on a regular basis can help prevent Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia.

To regulate blood glucose levels, a Self-monitoring blood glucose (SMBG) device is very important for modern therapy of diabetes mellitus. Health care professionals advice that a diabetic person uses SMBG in order to attain a specific level of glycemic control and to prevent hypoglycemia. The objective of SMBG is to collect thorough information about blood glucose levels at various time-intervals to monitor and enable maintenance of more constant glucose levels. This device can be used for the adjustment of therapeutic routine in response to blood glucose values and to also lend a hand to individuals in adjusting their physical activity, dietary intake, and insulin doses to improve glycemic control on an everyday basis. The home care segment is projected to exhibit the highest growth owing to emergence of portable self-monitoring blood glucose devices and reduced overall cost of home diabetes care.

The frequency of monitoring the blood glucose level differs from person to person. Doctors agree that patients being treated with insulin should check their blood glucose at least 4 times a day, empty stomach, before meals and before going to bed. All those patients being treated with rapid-acting, intermediate or short-acting insulin may benefit from SMBG data to make adjustments and changes in their regimen.

There are around 20 types of meters that can be seen or are available in the market now. All these types of meters vary in dimension, mass, test time, memory capabilities, and some other special features. It takes only one or two steps to measure blood glucose. Many meters incorporate a no-wipe technology, where the user does not have to clean off excess blood after they apply a drop of blood to the reagent strip. Also, many meters available in the market now require only a small amount of blood, thus lessening the pain of deep pricks from the lancet.

Many diabetic patients do not feel the need to go for regular check-ups, but little do they realize that Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemia can lead to significant damage to other organs in the body which can lead to severe complications like kidney failure, loss of vision, erectile dysfunction, problems with circulation and scarring. If you wish to avoid these complications of diabetes, you must keep track and control your blood glucose. Self-testing is important if you wish to stay hale and hearty. You and only you have the power to ensure that the story of your diabetes has a happy ‘THE END’!