Are you well informed about blood banks and blood donations? Did you know 36,000 that units of blood are needed every day for saving lives? According to a new report published by Allied Market Research, the global blood bank market is projected to reach $18,649 million by 2025. The blood bank market is expected to exhibit significant growth during the forecast period, due to growth in geriatric population, rise in number of accidents, and high prevalence of hematological diseases across the globe. Let’s dive deeper into what is a blood bank and how is it beneficial for us:
What’s a blood bank?
Blood bank is a place where the donated blood of different blood groups and equipment to support blood transfusion is stored. Before storing the blood, it undergoes a variety of tests in the lab to check for it safe use in blood transfusion or for other medical procedures. Most big hospitals have exclusive departments that deal with blood, the blood banks. These take care of the everyday blood associated needs from accidents and other complications.
When blood is infused into a patient’s body externally, this process is termed as blood transfusion. Blood transfusion has to be performed very carefully because if the blood type infused is not compatible with the patient’s blood it can cause death. Infected blood can also be a reason for serious complications in the human body, which can lead to not only infecting the patient to whom the blood was given, but also destroying the hale and hearty blood cells in the body. The entire human body is connected by blood and if the blood transfused is not compatible or healthy, it will reach out to all the organs and their systems, damaging and infecting everything on its way. Testing of blood is therefore very essential because it is hazardous to allow even a little chance of infection in the body.
Blood banks work on a comprehensive system. To make the blood safer for storing preservatives are added to it. The preservatives added should not do any harm to the body by reacting with the original blood and change its composition. The Blood that is taken from donors and stored as it is without separating its components is called Whole Blood. There are times when patients don’t require blood, but rather components of blood. Plasma, white blood cells and red blood cells are the components of the blood. One unit of whole blood, once its split, can be transfused to quite a lot of patients, who have different needs. According to various studies and researches, more than 21 million blood components are transfused every year.
Who can donate blood?
The majority blood donors are volunteers. In some cases, a patient can also donate blood some weeks before undergoing surgery, so that his/her own blood is available in case a blood transfusion is required. This kind of blood donation for your own self is called an autologous donation. Volunteer blood donor’s blood must pass certain criteria, including the following-
- Donor must be healthy and should not be suffering from any disease
- The age of the donor should be above 16 years
- The weight should be at least 110 pounds to be able to donate your blood
- A man can donate blood every three months whereas a woman can donate blood every four months.
“Blood is meant to circulate, just pass is around”. Apart from just helping the recipients, it seems that donating blood also benefits the donors for numerous reasons. It reduces stress, improves your emotional well-being, guess what, blood donation also lowers the risk of heart disease and heart attack. This is because it decreases the blood’s viscosity.