One of the greatest inventions in the history of modern medicine was the discovery of Antibiotics. Antibiotics are strong and important medications that destroy or slow down the growth of a disease-causing bacteria. They are effective when it comes to treating bacterial infections, reducing the seriousness of a disease and preventing the spread of any disease.

According to a recent report published by Allied Market Research, the global antibiotics market is anticipated to reach $50,374 million by 2025, growing at a CAGR of 2.1% from 2018 to 2025. Antibiotics, majority of the times are harsh on the human body and this is the reason it gets tempting to stop consuming it as soon as you feel better. But an antibiotic asks for full course and treatment so as to get rid of disease-causing bacteria.

The types of Antibiotics

  • Bactericidal antibiotic

Antibiotics such as penicillin are included in this category of bactericidal antibiotics. The accidental discovery of penicillin transformed the course of medicine and has enabled doctors to treat illnesses that were previously severe and life-threatening, such as bacterial endocarditis, pneumococcal pneumonia, meningitis, gonorrhea and syphilis. Bactericidal antibiotics are known to interfere with the formation of the cell wall of the bacteria or the cell contents.

  • Bacteriostatic antibiotic

Basically, bacteriostatic antibiotics stops the bacteria causing from multiplying. These drugs provisionally inhibit the growth of bacteria, however, the effect is reversible once the drug is removed.

A study on the effect of antibiotics on kids has revealed that children who are treated with antibiotics even before they turn two years old are likely to be obese in their childhood or adolescence. Studies have given out that antibiotic treatments can hinder with the metabolism of the body by wiping out the good microbes in the gut.

US researchers have looked carefully at the impact of the common treatment for infections and it suggested that disruption of bacteria in the gut can have a damaging and a long-term side-effect on children’s metabolism and boost their weight gain. They found out, 26% of the toddles in America were diagnosed with childhood obesity because they were prescribed an antibiotic.

The independent researchers and experts have found out that there are some limitations to this study which cannot rule out that the other factors are upsetting both weight and illnesses, not linked to gut bacteria. For instance a child who is not from a very well off background is more probable to be obese and to be exposed to cigarette smoke or other pollutants which can enhance the risks of infection. With the overuse of antibiotics and increased cases of child obesity in many developed and developing nations, this study definitely needs further investigation.

When the health records of more than 333,000 infants in the U.S were studied, the results were shocking. It was brought into being that between 2006 and 2013 nearly three-quarters (72.4 per cent) of them had been prescribed an antibiotic. Out of these by the age of three 46,993 (14.1 per cent) children became overweight, of whom only 9,628 had not been prescribed any antibiotics.

Dr Max Davie, who is an officer for health promotion at Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, said: “Although this is reported as the largest study of its kind, it has got its limitations – it is observational and so you can’t establish cause, information about the mother’s weight, whether they smoked or had other underlying conditions aren’t available and there are complex links between the environment and obesity that need to be taken into account”.

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