Pets have always been man’s good friends. They are loyal and there is no bond as pure as one shared by a man and his pet. If you own a pet, you will completely understand how much effort and care a pet requires. A pet becomes a family member as soon as he/she enters your house.
Veterinary Medical science has taken a huge leap, and why should it not. The animals need to be given as much importance as humans are given. Despite enormous advances in veterinary medical sciences, in the orthopedic surgery and anesthetic field, there are quite a few injuries and fractures in horses and other animals that cannot be treated as yet.
When a fracture or a tissue tear of an animal is treated, the primary goal of the treatment is to immobilize the affected part. Immobilization helps reduce the pain and also prevents further damage to the surrounding muscles or soft tissues. To constrain the affected part, primary treatment options include casts and splints until permanent treatment like surgery can be obtained. In many cases only a cast can heal an injury as worse as fractured bones but in cases of dislocation, an operation may be required.
Surgeries can be of two types.
- External fixation
- Internal fixation
In External fixation pins are put into the bone which exit through the skin where they are linked to a rigid bar whereas in internal fixation a stabilizing device is placed internally on the bone surface or even inside the bone. These fixations involve the use of screws, pins, wires or plates which are not usually removed even after the bone is healed.
Rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament is the most common orthopedic conditions in dogs. Cranial cruciate ligament is a structure that attaches femur to the tibia within the knee joint which allows its full motion. When this structure tears or ruptures, the joint becomes unstable followed by pain, inflammation and swelling. For pain relief and healing the patient (pet) under sedation undergoes appropriate radiographs. Radiographs of good quality are very useful for the purpose of planning a surgery or diagnosis of a problem.
Undertaking an operation means following a three-step process. These three steps are:
- Day -of -Operation
This is the very first step where the orthopedic problem of the pet is analysed, and the treatment options are discussed. There are some conditions such as hip dysplasia and many others that respond only to surgical treatments. The procedures in established hospitals are paired with top-of-the-line pain management to make certain that your pet is completely comfortable prior to, during, and post-surgery.
Your reactions and fear can be felt by your pet. It is very important for the owner to stay calm and composed so that the pet is calm too. On the day of the surgery make sure you don’t make your pet do any vigorous exercise. Arrive early so as to give time to your pet to acclimatize to the surroundings.
Helping your pet stay comfortable is the main thing after a surgery. A pet will not be able to communicate his discomfort, so it becomes all the more important for you to understand the pet’s needs. A pet carrier or even a crate will help restrict your pet’s movement and help them recover much faster.
If you are noticing some uneasiness in your pet’s walking or running style, consult a veterinary orthopedist as soon as possible, He/she might be suffering from a major problem that requires immediate help. The new techniques have introduced customized physical therapy sessions for pets recovering from orthopedic surgery, injury, cancer, arthritis, and other debilitating inconveniences. The new treatments are planned to assist your pet in making a much quicker, safer, and healthier recovery while at the same time restoring, conditioning, and relaxing the body for a complete state of well-being.